Which Pakistani Leader Signed Simla Agreement

The signing of this agreement with Pakistan, which is paying a small price, is still considered one of Bhutto`s great diplomatic successes. [82] Donald Trump`s offer to help India and Pakistan resolve the Kashmir issue became a major controversy after India rejected the US president`s claim that Prime Minister Narendra Modi had made a request in this regard. While the US government is trying to downplay Trump`s remarks by calling the Kashmir issue “bilateral” that “India and Pakistan must discuss,” the focus has shifted to past “bilateral agreements,” including the 1972 Simla Agreement (or Shimla Agreement) signed by the prime ministers of India and Pakistan. Indira Gandhi and Zulfikar Ali Bhutto. for friendly relations between the two countries. Now, Prime Minister Modi has given hope for realistic leadership in India because Pakistan and China only understand the language of realism. We have already missed opportunities to negotiate with a firm position in the Indus Water Treaty and the Shimla Agreement. 46 years ago, the historic pact for the peaceful settlement of all disputes was signed between the two South Asian neighbors. Looking at the progress, it was assumed that such a program was doomed to failure. Bhutto said he would “not close the door,” which, if he did, would lock up Pakistani territory and prisoners of war in India. But surprisingly, things changed almost overnight, and the challenges both leaders faced disappeared. The Treaty of Shimla was signed on July 2, 1972.

The reason for this sudden change is still unknown. The Indian prime minister and the presidential president said the signing of the Shimla Treaty was a new beginning in relations between the two countries. By the end of the treaty`s signing, Indira Gandhi had returned 90,000 prisoners of war and much of Pakistan`s territory to India. After the treaty was signed, there was widespread resentment in India and Atal Bihari Vajpayee, then head of the Bharatiya Jana Sangh, called it a “betrayal.” Vajpayee said Pakistan`s agreement not to use force had no consequences, as Pakistan had made similar promises in the past but never kept them. He also added that some sort of secret agreement between Indira Gandhi and Zulfkar Ali Bhutto was agreed upon when the treaty was signed. The most recent was Operation Meghdoot in 1984 (in which India captured most of the inhospitable areas of the Saichen Glacier, where the border was not clearly defined in the agreement) and the 1999 Kargil War (in which Pakistani soldiers and Kashmiri militants occupied positions on the Indian side of the LoC). In 1972, Bhutto first tried to establish friendly relations with Afghanistan, but such attempts were rejected in 1973. [92] In 1974, Afghanistan began covert involvement in Pakistan`s Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, which became increasingly troubling to Bhutto`s government. [93] Afghan President Dawood Khan`s controversial Pashtun policy has led to cruel violence and unrest in Pakistan. [93] The ISI was quick to point out that President Daud provided shelters and training camps for anti-Pakistani militants, and that his intelligence service was a major arm of support for actions in Pakistan, including support for Baloch separatists. [94] Therefore, Bhutto`s government decided to retaliate, and Bhutto launched a covert counter-operation in 1974 under the command of Major General Naseerullah Babar, who was then director general of the M.I. Directorate General of Western Fronts (DGWI).

[93] According to General Baber, this was a great idea and had a strong impact on Afghanistan. [93] The purpose of this operation was to arm Islamic fundamentalists and launch an attack in various parts of Afghanistan. [93] In 1974, Bhutto authorized a covert operation in Kabul and in the Pakistan Air Force and members of the AI and ISI successfully extradited Burhanuddin Rabbani, Jan Mohammad Khan, Gulbadin Hekmatyar, and Ahmad Shah Massoud to Peshawar for fear that Rabbani would be assassinated. [95] In late 1974, Bhutto granted final approval of covert operations to train Afghan mujahideen to compete with daoud Khan`s government. .